Who does not like eating desserts? Apple pie, chocolate cake, vanilla ice cream, milk chocolate bars…I could go on and on. If it is sweet, we like it. But what if these sweets are the cause of your stomach problems?
There are people who cannot properly digest table sugar, also called sucrose, which is found in sweets. These people have a condition called Genetic Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency, or GSID. GSID is a condition you are born with, and the symptoms may start to appear once you start eating baby food. In extreme cases, a baby with GSID may fail to grow normally and could have a lot of stomach problems every time they eat table sugar. The symptoms of GSID may not always be extreme. The symptoms can be different from one person to another. Because GSID does not look the same for everyone, it makes the diagnosis more challenging for doctors.
Signs and symptoms could include one or more of the following: diarrhea, stomach pain or gassiness. Does this sound familiar? The signs and symptoms for GSID can look like other conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and even Celiac disease.
Sometimes people with GSID cannot digest starches. Examples of starches include breads, wheat, grain and rice. The reason is that the protein that helps digest sucrose is also involved in digesting starches. If there is a problem or defect with the sucrose digesting protein, then a patient with GSID may not be able to eat foods containing table sugar and starches without having stomach problems.
There are many different forms of sugars, and there are different proteins in your body to help digest these different sugars. There is glucose, fructose and lactose, and all of them are in your diet. Most people have heard of lactose intolerance. People with lactose intolerance cannot digest the lactose sugar found in milk and other dairy products. People with lactose intolerance will either avoid foods and drinks containing lactose or will eat foods that have lactose with a supplement that contains the proteins that can digest lactose. If they do not take the supplement, these people will experience gassiness, diarrhea and other stomach issues.
If you have GSID, it will be important for you to be properly diagnosed. You can go to sucroseintolerance.com for more information and even find information for your doctor. If you do have GSID, there are ways to treat your condition. Maybe then you can have your desserts and eat them, too. #💩