Constant Gas and Bloating
Gas and bloating can be embarrassing and uncomfortable gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, sometimes striking when you least expect them. Although bothersome, typically the symptoms of gas and bloating are no reason to be concerned. Many remedies for gas and bloating, including changes to dietary intake, can decrease the symptoms. But for those of you with Sucrose Intolerance caused by Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (CSID), these symptoms can be chronic and shouldn’t be ignored.
General Causes of Gas and Bloating
There are numerous causes of gas and bloating. For example, these symptoms may be caused by eating too large a meal, eating too quickly, consuming specific high-fiber foods, dietary triggers, or even carbonated beverages. Eating too large a meal or eating too quickly can cause a bloating sensation in the abdomen. Eating smaller meals more frequently can help decrease the bloating feeling. Moreover, if a meal is consumed too quickly, it is likely that more air is being swallowed, which can increase the feeling of gas and bloating, even though the gas is mostly in your esophagus.
Dietary triggers may also increase the symptoms of constant gas and bloating. Specific types of fiber-rich foods such as cruciferous vegetables (think broccoli, cauliflower, and brussels sprouts) can increase the production of intestinal gas in some individuals. These prebiotic vegetables contain a specific type of fiber that is not digestible by humans. While this may sound problematic, it’s actually a great way to feed your gut bacteria – food-based probiotics!
Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency
Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (CSID) is a rare disorder that affects your ability to digest sucrose (table sugar) in processed foods and produce and sugar found in dietary starches. The absence or low levels of the digestive enzyme sucrase-isomaltase makes it difficult for your body to break down these compounds. Though you might expect sucrose to appear in processed treats such as candy and ice cream, it also occurs naturally in a plethora of fresh produce. Fruits and vegetables such as sweet potatoes, carrots, corn, pineapple, bananas, apples, and cantaloupe all contain high levels of sucrose.
Gas and Bloating with Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency
For those of you with CSID, consuming sucrose likely triggers many GI symptoms including gas and bloating. For gas and bloating relief, eliminating sucrose from your diet might help reduce symptoms temporarily. While a reduction in GI symptoms may occur when adjusting your dietary sucrose intake, remember that this change will not decrease all your GI symptoms or provide full relief.
Speak with your physician if you think that your symptoms of constant gas and bloating are triggered by CSID. Your physician can decide if further testing is needed and help you on your path to a proper diagnosis.
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