What Foods Have Sucrose in Them?
Living with Sucrose Intolerance caused by Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (CSID) can be challenging. The disorder causes unpleasant gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, such as abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and diarrhea, and disrupts your day-to-day life.
Many common foods that you eat contain sucrose, including popular varieties of produce, beans, and legumes, or dietary starches that can cause your CSID symptoms to flare up. In addition, sucrose is often added to processed foods like candy, ice cream, processed cereals, and sweetened beverages. So, it can be very difficult to avoid all sucrose since it is found in so many foods – those that are healthy, as well as those that are indulgent.
Foods High in Sucrose
Fruits, vegetables, and beans and legumes are a staple of our diets, but they can cause problems for those of you with CSID. The lists below feature those foods that cause you discomfort and those that you can tolerate.
Fruits are one of the main groups of foods that cause gas and bloating in those of you with CSID. If you have CSID, you should avoid the following fruits since they are not well-tolerated:
Other fruits contain sucrose, but these lower-in-sucrose fruits listed below are better-tolerated by those of you with CSID:
If you have CSID, you should avoid the following vegetables:
- Sweet potatoes
Other vegetables also contain sucrose, but are better-tolerated by those of you with CSID. You can tolerate these lower-in-sucrose vegetables:
- Collard greens
- Green beans
- Squash (except for butternut)
Beans and legumes
In general, if you have CSID, you do not tolerate beans, peas, and legumes very well. This food category includes:
- Black beans
- Garbanzo beans (chickpeas)
- Kidney beans
- Green peas
- Pinto beans
Higher-fiber carbohydrates tend to be better-tolerated than more processed carbohydrates, thanks to their higher amounts of fiber, which slows the rate of digestion. If you have CSID, you may want to choose whole-grain bread, whole-wheat pasta, quinoa, lentils, brown or wild rice, and whole-grain breakfast cereals (made with barley, bran, and whole oats) instead of foods that contain processed grains like those found in white bread and some breakfast cereals.
Sweeteners are any substance, both natural and artificial, that is used to add a sweet taste to food and beverages. Sweeteners added to foods can come in many forms. If you have CSID, a way to make sure you avoid eating foods with sweeteners that can cause GI symptoms is to read food labels carefully. Sucrose may be listed as one of the ingredients. Or it may be listed as something else, such as sugar, brown sugar, cane juice, caramel, coconut sugar, corn syrup solids, maltodextrin, maple syrup, modified tapioca starch, or molasses.
Healthful Foods Well-Tolerated by People with CSID
But all is not lost. Don’t forget all the other delicious, healthful foods that are well-tolerated by those of you with CSID:
- Fresh, lean protein (chicken, turkey, seafood, pork, beef)
- Dairy (milk, cheese, and yogurt)
- Healthy fats (avocados, olives, and canola or olive oil)
If any of the fruits and vegetable, starches and sweeteners listed above trigger gas, bloating, abdominal pain, or other uncomfortable gastrointestinal symptoms, make an appointment with your physician. Taking the CSID quiz can help guide you throughout your initial consultations.
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