Why Am I So Gassy and Bloated?
Gassiness and bloating can be unpleasant, uncomfortable, and sometimes result in embarrassing symptoms. For most adults, the cause of gas or bloating can usually be traced to a food that’s commonly associated with those effects.
Most of the time, gas relief simply means avoiding some of the common foods that cause gas, such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, beans, and for some, dairy products.
But for some of you, constant gas and bloating, along with abdominal pain, may be signs of a rare but treatable disorder called Sucrose Intolerance caused by Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (CSID).
What is Sucrose Intolerance caused by CSID?
Sucrose Intolerance caused by CSID is a genetic disorder of the small intestine that limits your ability to break down sucrose (table sugar) into glucose and fructose, so your body can absorb it. Sucrose is a naturally occurring carbohydrate often found in produce (especially starchy fruits and vegetables, such as potatoes and carrots) and beans and legumes. It’s also frequently added to processed foods, such as ice cream, candy, commercial cereals, and sweetened beverages. When sucrose is not broken down and absorbed, it is common for symptoms, such as constant gas, bloating and abdominal pain, and diarrhea to show up shortly after consuming foods containing sucrose.
What foods cause gas, bloating, and abdominal pain?
The following foods tend to cause gas in most people, whether they have Sucrose Intolerance or not:
- High-fiber foods: beans and peas, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
- Cruciferous vegetables: cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower
- Carbohydrates: bread, pasta, and rice
- Artificial sweeteners: sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol
Gas is produced when the good-for-you bacteria – sometimes called probiotics – that naturally live in the gastrointestinal tract, digest the food you eat that was not digested by your intestinal enzymes. Bacteria digest these foods by a process called fermentation, which generates gas as a by-product.
What foods cause gas, bloating, and abdominal pain in individuals with Sucrose Intolerance?
If you have Sucrose Intolerance, any food that contains sucrose or starch may cause these symptoms, even if the foods are considered healthy. Common sucrose-containing foods include:
- High-sucrose fruits: apples, bananas, melon, and tropical fruits
- Sweeter vegetables: yams, carrots, and potatoes
- Grains: wheat, oats, and rice
- Starchy vegetables, beans, and legumes: corn, potatoes, black beans, peas, and lentils
- Sugars: white and brown sugar, maple syrup, molasses
- Processed grain products: most breads, cereals, and crackers
For a complete list of foods to avoid if you have Sucrose Intolerance, visit sucroseintolerance.com.
If you have Sucrose Intolerance, avoiding foods that contain sucrose and starch should provide some relief from constant gas and bloating. Pharmaceutical therapy is also available.
Are you trying to determine the cause of your gas, bloating, and abdominal pain? Take the CSID quiz and ask your healthcare provider about CSID.
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