Can Sucrose Cause Bloating?
No one enjoys being bloated – your stomach feels uncomfortably full and may even appear distended, and you likely feel gassy and compelled to burp or pass gas.
Now, imagine dealing with bloating on a daily basis. If you’re someone who lives with Sucrose Intolerance due to Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (CSID), that may be your reality.
What is Sucrose and Can It Cause Bloating?
Sucrose is a carbohydrate found in many foods. It may occur naturally, as it does in several types of produce, especially apples, apricots, and, bananas; tropical fruits like mangoes, pineapple, and guava; and starchy vegetables, like potatoes, carrots, and corn; and beans and legumes. It’s also frequently added in the form of table sugar to processed foods like candy, ice cream, sweetened beverages, and cereals.
In the majority of individuals, functioning forms of the digestive enzymes, sucrase and isomaltase, are produced in the small intestine. These enzymes break down sucrose into glucose and fructose so it can be absorbed by the body.
With Sucrose Intolerance caused by CSID, the body doesn’t produce a functioning form of sucrase and isomaltase. That means that rather than being broken down into glucose and fructose in the small intestine, undigested sucrose travels to the large intestine.
In the large intestine, naturally occurring bacteria feed off the undigested sugar and ferment, creating gas in the process. As that gas builds up, it causes bloating, possibly giving the stomach a distended appearance and feel.
Other Possible Causes of Bloating
Sucrose Intolerance caused by CSID isn’t always to blame for bloating. Irritable bowel syndrome, the most common gut disorder in the United States, celiac disease, or swallowing excess air when eating or drinking too quickly can cause bloating, too.
When to Seek Help
If you experience unexplained bloating, gas, diarrhea, or stomach pain on a regular basis, it may be time to speak with your physician. Take the CSID quiz* to help identify if CSID may be causing your symptoms.
*This quiz is not a diagnostic.
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